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CB Richard Ellis Group, Inc. Report Finds Global Rents Continue Decline

By on Dec 04, 2009 in Office, Research

Bangkok2 December 2009 London’s West End is again the world’s most expensive office market, according to CB Richard Ellis (CBRE) Global Research and Consulting’s semi-annual Global Office Rents survey. Tokyo’s Inner Central has slipped to second place, followed by that city’s Outer Central market. Hong Kong’s Central Business District (CBD) and Moscow are fourth and fifth respectively in the CBRE report, which tracks office occupancy costs in nearly 180 cities around the globe.

 

Office markets worldwide are experiencing declines in prime office occupancy costs. The year-over-year change in prime office occupancy costs of the 179 markets monitored revealed an average drop of 7.7% worldwide over the 12-month period ending September 30, 2009 (in local currency and on an un-weighted average basis).  The majority of markets – 131 markets in total – experienced a year-over-year decline including nearly 50 which saw rents tumble by double-digit percentage-points. 

 

Many of the world’s bellwether financial centers are at the top of the list of fastest changing markets, including Hong Kong Central CBD(-40.7%) and New York, Midtown(-29.7%) along with emerging markets such as Ho Chi Minh City(-45.4%) and Abu Dhabi(-38.6%).  Kiev led the world with the largest year-over-year decrease in office occupancy costs, falling 64.6% from year-ago levels.

 

“While there are signs that commercial real estate values are stabilizing in some markets in Asia and parts of London, underlying property fundamentals are still weak,” said Dr. Raymond Torto, CBRE’s Global Chief Economist. ”However the office market may be on the cusp of moving from intensive care to the stabilization stage – the first step to getting back to good health.”

 

Forty-one markets experienced positive growth.  Aberdeen, Scotland and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil both grew by more than 10% as not all markets have been as affected by the decline in global demand and demand for office space has proven resilient in some areas due to the local market dynamics.

 

Office occupancy costs measured in U.S. dollars are affected by changes in the dollar’s value versus the respective local currency. Hence, office occupancy costs when converted into U.S. dollars are driven by both the local market dynamics of supply and demand, as well as currency changes.

 

GLOBAL FASTEST CHANGES

in local currency & measure

Rank

City, Country

Percentage

Top 5 Increases

1

Aberdeen, Scotland

+12.3

2

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

+12.1

3

Istanbul, Turkey

+9.0

4

Panama City, Panama

+7.7

5

Edmonton, Canada

+5.8

Top 5 Changes

1

Kiev, Ukraine

-64.6

2

Singapore

-53.4

3

Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

-45.4

4

Hong Kong (CBD)

-40.7

5

Abu Dhabi, U.A.E.

-38.6

Source : CB Richard Ellis’ Global Office Rents Nov 09

 

 Asia-Pacific

Tokyo (Inner Central) was Asia’s most expensive market with an occupancy cost of THB 5,130 per square meter per month (US$172 per square foot per annum). while that city’s Outer Circle market was second with occupancy costs of THB 4,157 per square meter per month (US$139 square foot per annum). Hong Kong (CBD) follows with occupancy costs of THB 4,113 per square meter per month (US$138 square foot per annum). Mumbai and New Delhi were the other two Asia-Pacific markets in the world’s top 10 most expensive cities roster.  Bangkok, one of the cheapest market, was ranked at 151st out of 179 markets surveyed with occupancy costs of THB 694 per square meter per month (US$23 square foot per annum), followed by Jakarta ranked at 177th with the lowest occupancy costs in Asia at THB 481 per square meter per month (US$16 square foot per annum)

 

For the Asia Pacific region, the office markets that experienced the largest decreases include Singapore (-53.4%), Ho Chi Minh City (-45.4%), as well Hong Kong which declined over 30% in the past year.  The Asia-Pacific region had 17 cities with double-digit declines in office occupancy costs. 

 

Europe 

London’s West End was the world’s most expensive office market at THB 5,525 per square meter per month (US$185 square foot per annum). Moscow was second in Europe with occupancy costs at THB 3,932 per square meter per month (US$132 square foot per annum). Dubai, Paris and the City of London all were in the top ten most expensive markets.  

 

Kiev led the world with the largest year-over-year decrease in office occupancy costs, falling 64.6% from year-ago levels. Other markets in Europe that are experiencing the largest decreases include Moscow, Oslo, Warsaw and Dublin.  The EMEA region had 17 cities with double-digit declines in office occupancy costs.

 

Americas 

Two cities in Brazil — Rio de Janeiro and São Paolo — have supplanted New York’s Midtown as the most expensive office location in the Americas.  Rio de Janeiro’s occupancy costs of THB 2,600 per square meter per month (US$87 square foot per annum), was good for twelfth place on the global list, while  São Paulo came in at 16th globally with occupancy averaging THB 2,451 per square meter per month (US$82 square foot per annum). New York’s Midtown’s market has dropped to third in the Americas and 24th globally with occupancy costs of THB 2,062 per square meter per month (US$69 square foot per annum).

 

Boston’s CBD led the Americas, with a decline of 33.9% year-over-year, followed by New York’s Downtown and Midtown markets.  Fifteen markets in North America posted double-digit declines. Meanwhile, Latin America held up stronger than the rest of the world, with only six cities registering a decline, including a 6.3% decrease in Buenos Aires, Argentina.

 

GLOBAL TOP 10 INDEX

by occupancy cost per square meter

Rank

City, Country

Baht / Month

1

London (West End), England

            5,525

2

Tokyo, (Inner Central), Japan

            5,130

3

Tokyo (Outer Central), Japan

            4,157

4

Hong Kong (CBD)

            4,113

5

Moscow, Russia

            3,932

6

Paris, France

            3,662

7

Mumbai, India

            3,620

8

Dubai, U.A.E.

            3,255

9

London (City), England

            3,253

10

New Delhi (CBD), India

            2,658

Source : CB Richard Ellis’ Global Office Rents Nov 09

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